Download e-book for iPad: Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic by Claude Hagége

By Claude Hagége

ISBN-10: 0199575002

ISBN-13: 9780199575008

This pioneering research is predicated on an research of over two hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a virtually common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, comparable to jap, have postpositions; others have either; and but others varieties that aren't rather both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among elements of a sentence: usually one point governs a noun or noun-like be aware or word whereas the opposite features as a predicate. From the syntactic viewpoint, the supplement of an adposition is determined by a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head is dependent upon depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the center of the grammar of such a lot languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological gains, syntactic features, and semantic and cognitive houses. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that categorical the kin of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark area, time, accompaniment, or software. Adpositions frequently govern case and are often progressively grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the full set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws mild on strategies of morphological and syntactic swap in numerous languages and language households. His ebook might be welcomed by way of typologists and through syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Claude Hagége

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